CBAs enable a win-win approach to development: judicious communication in advance between the developer and a broad community coalition reduces developer risk while maximizing the positive impact of development on local residents and the economy. The developer has active community support for the project, and community members benefit if the project meets their needs. Local governments can proactively manage future growth by applying community utility principles for development to large rural plots. If the country is owned by the government or if it has been developed under an agreement with the local government, officials may include the benefits of the Community in tenders. Regardless of this, most cities in today`s urban political economy have blamed individuals for curbing unbalanced growth. These people have the opportunity to form coalitions to exercise some power in the development process, as they did for the CBAs. Of course, these people must have the resources to make significant organizational efforts that ultimately do not provide guarantees. In the past, CBAs have been hampered by lack of community representation, opacity of negotiation processes, unilateral action by coalition members, weak sanctions for non-compliance with developers, lack of specificity or non-enforcement of contract terms, and disinterest on the part of developers (Salkin and Lavine 2008). Community Benefits Coalitions are long-term, broad groups with deep roots in the community. Coalitions typically represent a wide range of interest groups, such as residents of the income group, people of all colours, representatives of working, environmental and creed groups, and supporters of affordable housing. . . .
09 Sep 2021