After the introduction of detention without trial for alleged IRA men on 9 August 1971, even the most moderate Irish nationalists reacted by withdrawing their cooperation with the state altogether. Members of the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP) in the Northern Ireland Parliament withdrew from this body on 15 August and a widespread campaign of civil disobedience began. Talks between the DUP and Sinn Féin resumed on 6 February 2018, days before the mid-February deadline for Westminster to impose a no-deal regional budget.  Although Theresa May and Leo Varadkar participated, the talks failed and DUP negotiator Simon Hamilton said that “there are significant and serious gaps between us and Sinn Féin.”  The impasse continued in September, when Northern Ireland reached 590 days without a fully functional administration, surpassing the record set in Belgium between April 2010 and December 2011.  However, in the general elections of 30 November 2003, Sinn Féin and the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) became the largest parties in each community, which was perceived as more difficult to achieve a restoration of decentralised institutions. However, serious talks between the political parties and the British and Irish governments saw steady, although stuttering, progress during 2004, with the DUP in particular surprising many observers with its new pragmatism. However, an arms deal against the government between Sinn Féin and the DUP failed in December 2004 due to a dispute over whether photographic evidence was needed for the dismantling of the IRA and the IRA`s refusal to force the provision of such evidence. A third autonomy bill was introduced in 1912 by the minority Liberal government. However, the Conservative Party sympathized with the trade unionist case, and the political voice of trade unionism was strong in Parliament. After heavy changes by the House of Lords, the House of Commons agreed in 1914 to allow four Ulster counties to vote against its provisions themselves and only for six years.
In 1913 and 1914, paramilitary “volunteer armies” were recruited and armed, first the Unionist Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) and in response the nationalist Irish Volunteers. But the events of Europe of the First World War should take precedence. Autonomy was delayed for the duration of a short expected war, and Unionist and nationalist leaders agreed to encourage their volunteers to join the British army. .